US challenges India's export subsidy programme at WTO
US challenges India's export subsidy programme at WTOThe United States launched a challenge on Wednesday at the World Trade Organization to Indian export subsidies, saying they hurt US manufacturers by letting Indian exporters sell goods more cheaply, US Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer said.PTI | Updated: Mar 14, 2018, 23:34 IST
- US trade representative said that export subsidy programmes harm American workers by creating an uneven playing field on which they must compete.
- According to the Indian govt documents, thousands of Indian companies are receiving benefits totaling to over $7 billion annually from these programs.
The US Trade Representative (USTR) argued that at least half a dozen Indian programmes provide financial benefits to Indian exporters, which allow them to sell their goods more cheaply to the detriment of American workers and manufacturers.
These programs are: the Merchandise Exports from India Scheme; Export Oriented Units Scheme and sector specific schemes, including Electronics Hardware Technology Parks Scheme, Special Economic Zones, Export Promotion Capital Goods Scheme and Duty Free Imports for Exporters Programme.
"These export subsidy programmes harm American workers by creating an uneven playing field on which they must compete," said Lighthizer.
"USTR will continue to hold our trading partners accountable by vigorously enforcing US rights under our trade agreements and by promoting fair and reciprocal trade through all available tools, including the WTO,&quo t; Lighthizer said.
The announcement from Lighthizer came while Indian Foreign Secretary Vijay Gokhale was on his maiden visit to the US. He was scheduled to hold meetings with the USTR.
In a statement, the USTR alleged that through these programmes, India is given exemption from certain duties, taxes, and fees which benefits numerous Indian exporters, including producers of steel products, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, information technology products, textiles, and apparel.
According to the Indian government documents, thousands of Indian companies are receiving benefits totaling to over $7 billion annually from these programs.
The USTR said export subsidies provide an unfair competitive advantage to recipients.
A limited exception to this rule is for specified developing countries that may continue to provide export subsidies temporarily until they reach a defined economic benchmark. India was initially within this group, but it surpassed the benchmark in 20 15. India's exemption has expired, but India has not withdrawn its export subsidies, USTR alleged.
"In fact, India has increased the size and scope of these programs," USTR charged.
For example, India introduced the Merchandise Exports from India Scheme in 2015, which has rapidly expanded to include more than 8,000 eligible products, nearly double the number of products covered at its inception, it alleged.
Exports from Special Economic Zones increased over 6,000 per cent from 2000 to 2017, and in 2016, exports from Special Economic Zones accounted for over $82 billion in exports, or 30 per cent of India's export volume.
Exports from the Export Oriented Units Scheme and sector specific schemes, including Electronics Hardware Technology Parks Scheme, increased by over 160 per cent from 2000 to 2016, it asserted.
Noting that consultations are the first step in the WTO dispute settlement process, The USTR said if the US and India are not abl e to reach a mutually agreed solution through consultations, it may request the establishment of a WTO dispute settlement panel to review the matter.
Get latest news & live updates on the go on your pc with News App. Download The Times of India news app for your device. Read more Business news in English and other languages.RELATED
From the Web
More From The Times of India
Discover The Top Mattresses of 2018 That are Out NowMattress | Sponsored Links
Controversial 'Gone With The Wind' Secrets That Almost Sto..Definition
Being A Vegetarian Was Hard Work Until I Met HelloFreshPopdust for HelloFresh
2018 Crossover SUV Pricing Might Really Excite YouSUV | Sponsored Links
Take Our 30 Second Fat Loss Quiz (Shocking Results)DailyWellBeingTips.com
Deepika Padukone advised bed rest for 3-4 months
Irrfan Khan reveals he has a 'rare disease'
Nishvika Naidu throws light on her role in 'Paddehuli'
Deepika-Ranveer's families meet up to discuss marriage plans
On cam: Tallest building in Kentucky's capital implodes
From around the web
Arijit Singh Live in the U.S.-Book tickets now
Gaana Music Fest
How to fix your Fatigue (do this every day)!
Quickly Share Insights From The Sales Floor